Fiesole (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfjɛːzole]) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany, on a scenic height above Florence, 5 km (3 miles) northeast of that city. The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio is set in the slopes of Fiesole. The city was equally featured in the novels Peter Camenzind (1904) by Hermann Hesse and A Room with a View (1908) by E. M. Forster, and in the book of travel essays Italian Hours (1909) by Henry James.Since the 14th century the city has always been considered a getaway for the upper class of Florence and up to this day Fiesole remains noted for its very expensive residential properties, just as well as its centuries-old villas and their formal gardens. The city is generally considered to be the wealthiest and most affluent suburb of Florence. In 2016 the city had the highest median family income in the whole of Tuscany.Fiesole is a centre of higher education. The campus of the European University Institute is situated in the suburb and utilises several historical buildings including the Badia Faesolina and the Villa Schifanoia.
Additionally, American universities Harvard University, Georgetown University, and Saint Mary's University of Minnesota all have their centers of Italian Renaissance Studies domiciled in Fiesole.