Hohensalzburg Fortress is a fortress built on Festungsberg, a small hill in the old city of Salzburg. It has never been captured since its construction in the 11th century and was surrendered intact during the Napoleonic Wars in 1816, making it a valuable historical heritage site where the strong fortress architecture remains in its medieval form. Today, with a cable car system in place, it is a major tourist attraction where visitors can enjoy views of the city of Salzburg and the surrounding mountains.
Salzburg, capital city of a state at central Austria, is located near the border with Germany. As its name "Salt Castle" implies, the city has prospered and grown wealthy through trade in the rock salt produced in the area. The old town, which retains its medieval atmosphere, is full of sights, including Hohensalzburg Fortress on top of a hill. The city is also famous as the birthplace of Mozart, and the annual summer music festival attracts classical music fans from all over the world.